In the previous lesson, we
learned the notes
on a guitar.
will show you a productive way to cement this knowledge in your mind
and, at the same time,
get you thinking
about note patterns.
What do I mean by patterns? Basically, a
formation of related positions on the neck. These
relationships can be visualized (and memorized) as movable units and
you find your bearings quickly, no matter where you are on the neck.
The below video shows how these patterns
can be found
across the neck and how they can help you memorise the notes on the
Note Pattern Diagrams
In a moment we'll look at some
fretboard diagrams to
see how the six strings relate to each other.
Assuming you've learned the
notes on the lowest two strings, this shouldn't take too long to master,
and what you end up with is the ability to shift these visual
relationships (patterns) up and down the neck.
So just bear in mind that
these diagrams apply to any position up and down
the fretboard. In other words, these patterns are movable and to be positioned on the note you're playing...
1st, 4th and 6th Strings
Position the pattern in the diagram below at any fret. As long as you
keep the formation of notes as presented, they will all be the same note...
All the same note!
We established in earlier
at any given fret,
the 1st string is the same note as the 6th string.
So if you were at the 2nd fret, for example, you should know
6th string would be the note F♯, therefore the
high E string at the 2nd fret would also be the note F♯.
Right away then, if you've
learned the 6th string notes, you'll automatically know the 1st
The other related string in
that diagram is the 4th
string. Look at its
position in relation to the 1st and 6th string -
it's two frets higher.
So if you fretted the 4th string at the 4th fret it would be
the note F♯ because the 1st/6th string in their related position would be at the 2nd fret, which you'd know is also F♯.
Try it - play that pattern above anywhere
fretboard. As long as you keep that formation of notes, they're
the same note.
2nd, 3rd and 5th Strings
Again, you should
have already learned all the notes along the 5th string. So we can use
this string as our "starting point" for the next pattern...
Once again, look at the visual relationship between those three strings
- they're all the same note.
The 2nd string note is two frets
below the same note on the 5th string and four frets below the same note
the 3rd string.
1st, 2nd, 4th and 6th Strings
This diagram links the previous diagrams together. Can you see where?
Again, all the same note.
The note positions on the 1st, 4th and 6th strings we learned from the first
diagram in this lesson.
The 2nd string position we learned from the second
diagram, so we're in effect linking those first two diagrams together.
The link between the two patterns is made
2nd string and 4th string positions - they're three
1st, 3rd, 5th and 6th Strings
Notice anything familiar in the diagram above? Namely the
relationship between the 3rd and 5th strings and the 1st and 6th strings? We've
just linked these together.
The 3rd string position lies three
frets below the 1st and 6th string positions.
Then, once you know the note
on the 3rd string, you also know how the 5th string relates to that from
the second diagram!
Linking the Patterns Together
Work on all four patterns above. If you
were to play the note C,
you should be able to visualize it in all its positions based on the
movable relationships we've learned...
You can hopefully pick out those patterns
we've looked at. It's just a case of linking them together and practicing
until you can move between the positions almost without thinking. It won't
take long to get to
that stage - start with 10 minutes a day, choosing a different note every day.
Try another one... find all
the note positions (including beyond the 12th fret octave) for G
The tab below has the answer...
So What's the Real Benefit of All This?
Well, for a start, being
able to locate the same note on multiple strings instantly frees up
your playing. You'll be able to jump to different parts of the
fretboard for any note without guess work.
For example, you might think "I
need a higher sounding B note" or a "lower sounding 3rd" (you'll know
what "a 3rd" is soon enough!). The patterns we've learned here will
give you those signposts.
It's one of those skills you grow to appreciate the more you progress.
Thanks for your patience!